Subtractive Additions

1. To examine and grasp the meaning of (written or printed characters, words, or sentences).

2. To utter or render aloud (written or printed material): read poems to the students.

3. To have the ability to examine and grasp the meaning of (written or printed material in a given language or notation): reads Chinese; reads music.


a. To examine and grasp the meaning of (language in a form other than written or printed characters, words, or sentences): reading Braille; reading sign language.

b. To examine and grasp the meaning of (a graphic representation): reading a map.

a. To discern and interpret the nature or significance of through close examination or sensitive observation: The tracker read the trail for signs of game.
b. To discern or anticipate through examination or observation; descry: “I can read abandonment in a broken door or shattered window” (William H. Gass).

6. To determine the intent or mood of: can read your mind like a book; a hard person to read.


a. To attribute a certain interpretation or meaning to: read her words differently than I did.

b. To consider (something written or printed) as having a particular meaning or significance: read the novel as a parable.

8. To foretell or predict (the future).

9. To receive or comprehend (a radio message, for example): I read you loud and clear.

10. To study or make a study of: read history as an undergraduate.

11. To learn or get knowledge of from something written or printed: read that interest rates would continue to rise.

12. To proofread.

13. To have or use as a preferred reading in a particular passage: For change read charge.

14. To indicate, register, or show: The dial reads 32°.
15. Computers To obtain (data) from a storage medium, such as an optical disc.

16. Genetics To decode or translate (a sequence of messenger RNA) into an amino acid sequence in a polypeptide chain.


1. To examine and grasp the meaning of printed or written characters, as of words or music.

2. To speak aloud the words that one is reading: read to the children every night.

3. To learn by reading: read about the storm in the paper today.
4. To study.

5. To have a particular wording: Recite the poem exactly as it reads.

6. To contain a specific meaning: As the law reads, the defendant is guilty.

7. To indicate, register, or show a measurement or figure: How does your new watch read?

8. To have a specified character or quality for the reader: Your poems read well.
n. Informal

1. Something that is read: “The book is a page-turner as well as a very satisfying read” (Frank Conroy).
2. An interpretation or assessment: gave us her read of the political situation.

adj. (rĕd)

Informed by reading; learned: only sparsely read in fields outside my profession.

Phrasal Verbs:

read out

To read aloud: Please read out the names on the list.
read up

To study or learn by reading: Read up on the places you plan to visit before you travel.


read a lecture/lesson

To issue a reprimand: My parents read me a lecture because I had neglected my chores.

read between the lines

To perceive or detect an obscure or unexpressed meaning: learned to read between the lines of corporate annual reports to discern areas of fiscal weakness.
read out of

To expel by proclamation from a social, political, or other group: was read out of the secretariat after the embarrassing incident.